Despite the low resolution arguments against meritocracy, hierarchies have served humans very well over our evolution. Indeed, Nicholas Christakis includes preference for mild hierarchy in his social suite, the blueprint for how it is humans are evolutionary predisposed to create good societies.Read More
What shouldn't be forgotten is that "checking your privilege" is something that one can take on as a means of simply being grateful for all of those ways in which one is advantaged.Read More
This theory states that there are two paths through which a person's mind can be changed. There is the harder route which requires evidence, reason, and extended exposure to opposing evidence - elaboration.
Then there is the far easier route which only require that certain cues be present when presented with the opinion. The cues influence the likelihood in the subject's mind that the opinion is worth adopting and are usually things which makes the source of the information more attractive to the subject.
Recently an overpowering cue has become people's group signalling which informs the members of the group which beliefs are to be adopted - these tribal cues can overpower the more traditional cues, such as expertise.
Why would language evolve when the sharing of information doesn’t obviously serve the organism and no trait has evolved for purely altruistic reasons?
A theory by Roger Dunbar proposes that it may have replaced grooming behaviour as a more efficient means of interacting with other group members. This doesn’t explain the content rich nature of language. A theory proposed by the anthropologist Robins Burling in 1986 posits that men receive social status for their public speaking ability which cashes out as reproductive success with male orators preferentially selected. This theory needs to be updated to explain why females also talk given if evolution would supposedly only select for those women better at discerning language, not their capacity to speak it. Male humans invest in children over the long term more than any other primate which results in a mutuality of sexual selection explaining language development in both sexes (unlike the singing seen in only male whales or birds).
The question as to why language is information dense still begs an answer, and this could be rationalised by considering what would be preferentially advertised by big brained humans; intelligence. Data laden language is a good indicator of intelligence and allows for an insight into a mate’s mind, a possibility otherwise unknown in the animal kingdom.